More than 5 hectares cultivated in regenerative models that improve the nutritional value of food and generate forest.
An Agroforestry System (SAF) reproduces the natural interaction of species in nature, cultivating an area with high biodiversity of food without pesticides and a soil rich in organic matter.
It is much more than cultivating food, Agroforestry regenerates degraded areas, produces forests and water, creating more resources for nature instead of extracting.In this system, species with short cycles interact and help in the growth of species with longer cycles, providing shade, organic matter, enriching the soil and bringing more and more life to the place.
This mode of production impacts the food health of the population and creates a forest microclimate that improves the quality of life of rural workers, contributes to reducing global warming, and generates greater biodiversity for biomes.
What is an agroforest?
An excellent example for small and medium-sized properties, which allows for abundant production. This area has more than 10,000 m² and is divided into 48 plots, where each plot has 5 beds. The central beds have species with cycles of 3 months, 6 months and 1 year and the border beds have fruit trees, timber, species that generate organic matter and a great variety of forest seeds, most of which are collected in the region. This Saf allows an abundant production of vegetables for two years until the fruit trees start to produce.
This agroforestry system without irrigation can be applied on larger scales for large areas.With 0.5 hectares, it impresses with the vigor of the planted grass and with the grain yield in the first year, as well as the speed of growth of seeded and fruit trees implanted through seedlings. Without a doubt, the best way to recover a soil, have quality organic production and restore forms and functions of forests and natural environments.
FRUIT AND WOOD
In this system, we developed a design so that the tree lines benefit from the best use of space. Therefore, we intersperse the lines between high and low stratum species and another with emerging and medium stratum species, so that the tree lines can be closer to each other, in addition to efficiently achieving the forms and functions of a natural forest .
In this area it is possible to produce grains for a period of 5 to 7 years, as the main objective of agroforestry plantations and implantations is to restore the forests. Therefore, from this period onwards, the idea is for the forest to develop with native trees sown together with coffee seedlings, eucalyptus, mangium acacia, tangerine ponkan, among others. So that the design and distribution of planted species is conducive to efficient grain production in these first years, the tree lines are further apart, every 8 meters, and each year new crops of corn, beans, yakon potatoes are produced , sweet potatoes, cassava, saffron, ginger, pumpkin, among others.
MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC
In this Saf of approximately 450 m², we cultivate species that allow productivity for a long period, in addition to several trees that have great potential for the production of essential oils and teas. An example of intercropping is peppermint, roses, patchouli and tea tree.
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